HOMER’S ITHACA THE SIXTEEN INDISPUTABLE ARGUMENTS IN ODYSSEY LEADING TO THE SOLUTION: HOMERIC ITHACA IS CEPHALONIA’S PALIKI

1601651732932.png

FRONT COVER ILLUSTRATION

The territories referred to in the “List of Ships” of Iliad’s Rhapsody B΄ on the contemporary islands of Kefalonia and Ithaka.
AIGILIPA and KROKYLEIA, based on Nikos Livadas Toumasatos’ theory.
SAMI, based on most of Kefalonia’s and Lefkada’s theories and the local name “Samiko” on Ithaka’s St Athanasios.
TAFIOI is based on local names preserved from the antiquity.
ITHAKA based on all theories of Western Kefalonia. (Livieratos, Volteras, LIvadas, Gilles Le Noan, Kampanis, Bittlestone, Lykoydis).
DOULIHIO. Based on the inclusion of Southern Kefalonia as described in my extension of Nikos Livadas Toumasatos’s theories.
METROPOLITAN DOULIHIO in our research based on ideas and publications on AIHMI by Rodi de Fuca.
TRANSITIONAL ITHAKA. Αlso based on Teiresias oracle on Ulysses’ tomb situated away from his birth place but on the same island. Also, from the Achaeans retreat and the transfer of the King’s bones during the Dorians’ onslaught.​
HISTORIC SAMI. Possibly included Homeric Krokyleia as well as the Homeric Aigilipa.

HOMERIC ZAKYNTHOS.
HELEIAS’ EPEIOI as well as the whole of...
METROPOLITAN DOULIHIO’S expansion into Central Ionion. (Lefkada, Akarnania, Ehinades, Kefalonia).

BACK PAGE ILLUSTRATION

Picture from the hill of Hermes (Homeric Ithaca) where the hollow shore of the city and the difficult passage for a pedestrian from the municipality of Kefallinia to Ithaca of the Odyssey, can be seen.​
This work is led by our partner Rodi de FUCA.


The positions mentioned in our research:
1601652620078.png

1601652698501.png


1601652790743.png
1601652883105.png



THE SIXTEEN INDISPUTABLE ARGUMENTS / POINTS IN ILIAD AND ODYSSEY LEADING TO THE SOLUTION: HOMERIC ITHACA IS CEPHALONIA’S PALIKI

1601653900073.png

1. Ithaca as described in Odyssey is in the central Ionian sea. Consequently, Odysseus’s people led by him in the Trojan Wars were Cephalonians.


Iliad, Book 2, Line 631:
«…And Odysseus led the great-souled Cephallenians…»​
Also, Laertes, Odysseus’s father was king of Cephalonians in a previous war for the occupation of Nerikos city (contemporary Krane) a generation before.​
Odyssey, Book 24, Lines 377-378:
«…Who occupated Nericus, the well built citadel on the shore
of the mainland, when I was lord of the Cephallonians
,…»​
The Cephalonians were based on Cephalonia proper and exercised authority over Zakynthos and Sami (contemporary Thiaki).​
Evidently, the majority of district networks of Mycenaean era is in Cephalonia.​
This argument eliminates Lefkada as being Homer’s Ithaca.​
1601653733252.png
KRANE THE CITY OF NERIKOS

THE GRANDEUR OF CEPHALONIANS AND THE HOMERIC ITHACA doesn’t fit in any other island apart from Cephalonia, HOMER’S ITHAKA

1601654258610.png



1601654605631.png


2. In front of Homer’s Ithaca is Mt Nerito (contemporary Ainos), a large mountain so impressive that Homer described it with grandiose adjectives such as einosiphyllon (having trees with quivering leaves)


Around it apart from Ithaca, were Sami (contemporary Thiaki), Doulihion and Zakynthos.


Odyssey, Book 9, Lines 21-24:
«…But I dwell in clear-seen Ithaca, wherein is a mountain
Neriton, covered with waving forests, conspicuous from afar;
and round it lie many isles hard by one another,

Dulichium, and Same, and wooded Zacynthus….»​
This argument eliminates Lefkada as being Homer’s Ithaca.​

1601655039778.png
 
Τελευταία επεξεργασία:

Σχόλια

Μπλουζα Κάτω μέρος